A photographer needs an artistic ability, one must have an eye to judge what scenery can make a good photograph. To be one, you should:
Choose the right education.
Choose on what photography specialty you will focus on. Focus on one area may it be portrait, scientific and industrial, aerial, travel or fine art photography. This way you can not only invest your time learning the correct techniques for your chosen field, but also spend your hard earned cash on the correct equipment. If you’re going traveling to get pictures, the best travel camera would be what you’d research and invest into, as opposed to say a top portrait snapper.
Engage in photographic workshops and fieldwork. This can help you explore more technical, creative and logistical aspects of photography.
Take exams for certifications (Certified Professional Photographer; Certified Forensic Photographer; Registered Biological Photographer).